The Civil Construction industry mainly deals with the construction of man-made structures such as roads, bridges, buildings, and artificial waterways. Companies that perform this sort of work will typically engage in public and private sector projects of varying sizes and budgets, ranging from small private constructions to major public works such as highways and dams.
In modern society, the results of civil construction projects are all around us; much of the infrastructure and artificial environment that we use and take for granted on a daily basis are the product of such endeavours.
Typical Civil Construction Projects
Typically such projects involve large teams of individuals with various specialised skills, such as engineers, project managers, construction workers, and other administrative personnel. An enormous variety of machinery and equipment are employed in construction processes, such as plants, diggers, pumps, cranes, trucks and loaders. Most importantly, successful civil construction operations require technical staff who have a firm foundation in various mathematical and physical sciences. For example, often design engineers who are involved in the process will also need to possess clear knowledge regarding the properties of the construction materials to be used such as metals, raw materials, concrete, or timber; an understanding of the composition of the foundations upon which the building is to take place, and an appreciation of the construction methods to be employed throughout the project.
Co-operation within Civil Construction
Civil construction projects can often entail cooperative work between several parties such as planners, architects, and environmental scientists. Expertise gleaned from such contributors can assist companies in having an awareness of potential impacts upon the local community and environment, thus ensuring minimal disturbance from the project.
Financial planning for such projects are also necessary to safeguard against financial problems interfering with the completion of the project. For this reason, cost engineers and estimators are also often employed in order to estimate the cost of the work and materials involved as accurately as possible, so that budgets can be drawn up prior to the commencement of a project. A significant aspect of construction work also involves scheduling, whereby the resources of a project are assigned to various tasks.